Policy Brief on Shifting Policing and Law Enforcement System in Kenya
International Center for Policy and Conflict has developed a policy brief interrogating the policing and law enforcement systems in Kenya. This is in cognizance of the fact that the Kenya 1926 police system is faced with a deepening crisis, both internally within its own organization and externally in its relations with the public and has ran aground under the strain of major social change.
This Policy Brief outlines: First, good policing and law enforcement is preventive. Second, independent command and control of policing systems is key. Third, police are to be patient, impersonal and professional. Fourth, the authority Inspector General of police derived from Constitution not the political party in power and the consent and co-operation of the citizenry. Fifth, devolving some policing functions. Finally, the oversight of the political executive is not explicitly or implicitly given the authority to direct police operations. This independence guarantees professionalism and competence of policing agencies and direction and control is free from the conventional political play and influence in relation to decisions in individual cases.
In this regard, the key issues debated in this International Center for Policy and Conflict Policy Brief on Shifting Policing and Law Enforcement In Kenya include: (1) What kind of organization will Kenya Police need to meet the 21st century law and order challenges? (2) Which model would be most suited in bringing about a radical change in the existing intolerably high level of police-public estrangement? and (3) How could such an organization be subjected to effective democratic control, yet ensuring its political neutrality?