Policy Recommendations on addressing escalating insecurity in Kenya

Nairobi, November 13, 2014…./The Constitution introduced major governance and institutional changes in Kenya. Security sector was not spared. However, the security sector continues to operate in old model making it ineffective, vulnerable and irreverent.

Implementing the following policy recommendations would begin the process of overhauling the security sector governance and its relevance to new security challenges.

 1.      National Security Council should execute its constitutional mandate and spearhead the process of the drafting and fully implementation of the national security strategy. It should also provide policy guidance into Crime Prevention strategy to the State Department of Internal Security and National Police Service. Further, the Council should set adequate and effective oversight mechanism of enforcing its decisions. Finally, the Council should develop review and coordination mechanism of the Strategy and Crime Prevention policy. The National Security Advisory Committee is subordinate to the Council and not policy decision-making body.

2.      State House should appoint competent and independent National Security Policy Advisor to the President to receive, collate and synthesis all intelligence and strategic reports on internal and external security and interests of the Country and prepare well-informed advisory briefs.

3.      The National Security Council should propose Bill creating the office of the National Director of Security Intelligence. The office will oversee the implementation of National Security Strategy and acts as the intelligence nerve center of coordinating, and benefitting from multi-agency intelligence agencies and sourcing independent national strategic intelligence. The office functions are subject to national Parliament scrutiny.

4.      National Security Council, together with State Department of Internal Security, Council of Governors and National Police Service should establish and strengthen the County Poling Authority. The Authority should review the security policy decisions set by National Security Council at National level, specifically affecting particular County and overall, and the Security concerns of the local population in order to set security and law enforcement priorities of the County. The County Policing and Law Enforcement Committee chaired by County National Police Service Officer in Charge appointed by National Police Service Commission should develop implementation strategy of the decisions of the County Policing Authority with Accountability to the Office of Inspector General and County Policing Authority. This ensures security services are available to ordinary citizens with accountability of both national and county governments.  The officer is accountable for speaking matters policing and law enforcement in the County. County Commissioners cannot usurp Constitution arrangement of the security.

5.      The State Department of Internal Security, National Police Service Commission and office of the Inspector General with supervision of the National Security Council should draft bill to overhaul and re-structure the Directorate of Criminal Service (known as CID) into modern capable, credible and effective professional law enforcement and crime buster agency with specialized units. The agency should be hub crime intelligence and counter intelligence well resourced, equipped, enough highly skilled personnel and technology driven with two way links to other police units and security agencies on one hand  and on the other forge strong partnership with communities. It should build and maintain comprehensive security data with ability to efficiently coordinate cooperate and implement actions with other security agencies. The agency should have close working relationship with office of Director of Public Prosecutions.

6.      The civilian security institutions namely responsible National Security Council,  Parliamentary Committees, Internal Security Department, National Police Service Commission, Independent  Policing Oversight Authority, Council of Governors Committee on Security,  County Policing Authority among others should have the necessary capacity, expertise and technical knowledge to exercise effective overseeing, monitoring and scrutinizing the work and budgetary of the security organs.

7.      All personnel serving in security organs should observe high standards of ethics, professionalism, responsiveness and accountability.  Recruitment procedures and career growth should be by merit. Welfare and conditions of work of the personnel must be fully taken care.   


Ndung’u Wainaina

Executive Director